Chiropractic

Introduction


Chiropractic is a primary health-care profession that specialises in the diagnosis, treatment and overall management of conditions that are due to problems with the joints, ligaments, tendons and nerves, especially related to the spine. Chiropractic treatment mainly involves safe, often gentle, specific spinal manipulation to free joints in the spine or other areas of the body that are not moving properly. Apart from manipulation, chiropractors may use a variety of techniques including ice, heat, laser therapy, fascia therapy, exercise as well as advice about posture and lifestyle. Although chiropractors are best known for treating back and neck pain, which they do very well, patients also consult chiropractors regarding a range of other, related conditions.

History


Written records from the ancient Greek and Chinese civilizations, dating back several thousand years, refer to spinal manipulation.  The inception of modern chiropractic can be traced back to 1895 when Canadian Daniel David Palmer performed the first chiropractic adjustment and went on to found The Palmer School of Chiropractic in Davenport, Iowa in 1897.

The 20th century saw the growth and development of the profession worldwide, gaining recognition in more than 60 countries worldwide, and respect for the place it has taken in the primary care environment. Influential research has underpinned the development of the profession and has come both from both within and outside of the chiropractic research communities.

Chiropractic is unique in that the profession is organised internationally and there are international standards for education (World Health Organization, World Federation of Chiropractic, European Chiropractors Union).

Conditions


According to the American Chiropractic Association (ACA), chiropractic is a health care profession that treats complaints of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems. Patients seek chiropractic care for many reasons, including treatment for sports injuries and auto accident injuries, and to receive wellness care. Some of the most common conditions treated by chiropractors include whiplash, low back pain and muscle tension headaches.

 

Cold Laser Therapy

 

The biological effects of Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) have been shown to significantly accelerate and enhance the body's natural defense and repair abilities when injured.

By reducing the duration of inflammation as well as enhancing specific repair and healing process, LLLT has been proven to provide pain relief, reduce damage due to the injury and loss of function. LLLT enables the body to have a more rapid repair and stronger tissues once healed. Low Level Laser Therapy (3LT™) has been successfully used for a large variety of conditions and has been effective in such uses as :
  • acute and chronic pain reduction
  • repetitive use disorders like carpal tunnel syndrome
  • soft tissue strains and sprains
  • inflammation reduction
  • enhanced tissue wound healing, and
  • cell regeneration
Unlike high power lasers that use heat and destroy tissue, low energy lasers affect the cellular energy of the underlying tissue. Hot lasers have a thermal effect and have an output of 1MW or above. Cold (or) Low Level Lasers do not have a thermal effect on tissue, lasers that stimulate biological function have an output below 10mw- milliwatts (ten- one thousands of a watt). Low Level Laser Therapy (3LT™) refers to the modality of applying a "low" energy or "low level" laser to tissue that stimulates cellular processes and thereby enhancing biochemical reactions. For example, studies show that LLLT increases ATP production in the mitochondria of the cell. Since more energy is now available, the cell may utilize this fuel to function or operate more efficiently. Treatments can vary in time from seconds to minutes depending on the condition. Research studies show that there may be a dose dependent response, so it may be more effective to treat at lower doses at multiple intervals then to treat a single time with a high dose. A treatment plan may vary , depending on the condition. For instance, an acute soft tissue injury or open wound may require multiple short treatments initially then the interval between treatments will lengthen as the condition improves.
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